Atlantic World Marine Archaeology Research Institute amari
Ammandeep Kaur Mahal AMARI Research Associate

News & Events

48th Annual Conference on Historical and Underwater Archaeology; Seattle, WA

9 - 12 January 2015     


This year, AMARI proudly showcased two important presentations:SHA Seattle.jpg

1) “The Wreck of Warwick: History and Final Analysis of an early 17th-century Virginia Company Ship;” 

2) “Emerald Bay Project: Digital Monitoring of the Two 19th-century Submerged Barges”


American Anthropological Association (AAA) 113th Annual Meeting, Washington D.C.

December 2014 

AMARI presented an update on the work on Warwick entitled: “The Wreck of the Warwick: History and analysis of an early 17th-century Virginia Company ship.

Emerald Bay Project 2014: A Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage Prject

13 - 22 June 2014 UCSD_sm.jpg

We are proud to announce our new initiative which aim is deploy the latest 3D technology to preserve, record, and monitor the rich cultural material scattered along the bottom of the Emerald Bay, Lake Tahoe, California. The project is a collaboration of AMARI, the Center for Interdisciplinary Science of Art, Architecture and Archaeology (CISA3) at University of California, San Diego, and California State Parks.  

67th Annual Northwest Anthropological Conference, Bellingham, WA

26 - 29 March 2014                                                                                          

The Many Lives of the Equator

This year, AMARI directors joined a symposium entitled "Maritime Heritage-Preserving, Conserving, Sharing" at the NWAS. The symposium was an interesting overview of multitude of projects conducted by institutions, CRM firms, non-profit groups, and volunteers in the Pacific Northwest. See the new initiative by AMARI and read the abstract below:

Abstract: "Throughout its long career, the pygmy schooner Equator was chartered by Scottish author Robert Louis Stevenson to the South Pacific. It was employed as a copra trader to South America, a steam tender for the Alaskan salmon canneries, a diesel survey vessel for NOAA, and finally as a tugboat in the Puget Sound where it was eventually discarded. The many lives of the Equator demonstrate how traditionally built wooden hulls were often adapted to new purposes as economic forces transformed the maritime trading environment at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. Although the vessel is listed on the register of historic places, the schooner is dry-docked in the Port of Everett, Washington and has never been recorded or analyzed. The Equator is one of many unexplored shipwrecks in the Pacific Northwest that have the potential to connect local communities with their rich maritime heritage through archaeology."

SHIPWRECKS 2014: The Underwater Archaeological Society of British Columbia Annual Meeting

8 March 2014 UASBC_-_Logo.jpg

AMARI executive director, Dr. Katie Custer, and archaeological director, Dr. Piotr Bojakowski were invited to give a keynote address at the Underwater Archaeological Society of British Columbia (UASBC) Annual Meeting. The lecture included recent research, analysis, and interpretation of the galleon Warwick.

The event included a daytime session featuring multiple captivating guest speakers. The topics ranged from SS Pacific to Valencia disasters, to Princess Sophia and Empress of Ireland tragedies, to the development of James Cameron’s submersible to dive the Marianas Trench. Drs. Custer and Bojakowski gave a keynote address entitled: “Guns, Provisions, and the Governor: The Wreck of the Warwick, Bermuda 1619” as a part of Dr. R. Woodward evening lecture and dinner.

Congratulations to Michael Gilbart!  AM-Logo_1.jpg

01 January 2014

We would like to congratulate one of our brightest research associates, Michael Gilbart, who recently defended his thesis and received a Master’s of Art degree in Nautical Archaeology from Texas A&M University. Mike’s research on the early 17th-century navigational instrument generally referred to as a “Plain Scale” proved to be innovative and truly outstanding. The Plain Scale found on the Warwick worked in conjunction with a pair of dividers the ends of which were inserted into the plugs that are still preserved on the artefact. Although this type of scale was a standard navigational aid up until the end of the 19th century, the one found on the Warwick may be one of the earliest, if not the earliest example ever discovered!

1619: The Making of America Conference; Norfolk, Virginia, USA


26 - 27 September 2013

AMARI Chair of the Board, Dr. Emily Rose, attended a two-day conference, 1619: Making of America that was held in Hampton and Norfolk, VA.This important conference was hosted by the Joseph Jenkins Roberts Center of Norfolk State University (NSU) and Hampton History Museum. It offered scholars and participants from various disciplines a unique platform to engage in dialogue on important issues defining new interpretations of 1619 in American history.

This conference seeks to place the events stemming from 1619 within the context of Atlantic migration, culture, and race, and will emphasize the wide-ranging, familiar, and mobile character of the African Diaspora.  The overarching point is that Chesapeake society was part of a hybrid and global culture predicated on intimate and overlapping encounters among Africans, Native Americans, Western Europeans, and other cultures from around the globe.

Congratulations to Ammandeep Mahal!

29 June 2013

We would like to congratulate one of our research associates, Ammandeep K. Mahal. Amman passed her Archaeology BSc with 2:1 honors at the University of Nottingham, UK. Her undergraduate dissertation, entitled: “A Study of Merchant Weights From the Warwick and Sea Venture Shipwrecks” was selected for the departmental award. In September, Amman will pursue her MSc in Maritime Archaeology at the University of Southampton, UK.

Abstract: "Four lead pan weights were discovered at the Warwick shipwreck site; one of which bear the ciphers of English trade guilds, marks, and regal stamps. The smallest weight was stamped with three emblems: the sword of St. Paul, which was the mark of London; an ‘I’ surmounted by the crown which represented the English king James I (reign 1603-1625); and the “angels and scales” of the Plumbers Company. The collection of the six merchant weights from the Sea Venture also includes one weight with the sword of St. Paul and the royal insignia of James I and one with the royal insignia of Elizabeth I (reign 1533-1603). It is noteworthy then that the weights were not among the items salvaged from the Warwick and the Sea Venture shipwrecks; from this it may be possible to infer their relative importance at the time.

It is also noteworthy that the numbers of weights found on these ships are few in number and almost certainly would not have constituted an entire collection. Through a comparison with full collections from the reign of Elizabeth I, it will be possible to discern what constituted an entire set as well as whereabouts these weights fit within an entire set. From this it may also be possible to ascertain their use and relevance to trade at the time."

Second American Dendrochronology Conference; Tucson, Arizona, USA

13 - 17 May 2013 dendro_logo.jpg

Ships of the Early Modern Age – Innovative Tree-ring Approaches to the Atlantic Challenge

The AMARI board member and professor at University of Wales Trinity Saint David (UK), Mr. Nigel Nayling, will be presenting his cutting-edge research on forests, forestry, timber supply, and the evolution of Atlantic shipbuilding. This research is a collaborative effort of several scholars and institutions, including: Marta Dominguez-Delmas (Ring Foundation – Netherlands Centre for Dendrochronology, The Netherlands, and University of Huelva, Spain); Dr. Ute Sass-Klaassen (Forest Ecology and Forest Management Group, Wageningen University, The Netherlands); and Prof. Tomasz Wazny (Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research, University of Arizona, USA, and Institute for the Study, Conservation and Restoration of Cultural Heritage, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Poland)

Abstract: “In the Early Modern Age (1400-1800) the construction of ocean-going ships was a crucial element of European expansion in what has become known as the Age of Discovery. The shipbuilding industries in the Old World placed unprecedented demands on forests for the supply of timber, while wood resources from the New World served to enlarge European fleets overseas to facilitate domestic transport and connections, as well as trans-Atlantic and global trade. Forestry and sea power became inextricably linked. Through review of recently researched case studies, this paper explores the potential of tree-ring investigations on shipwreck assemblages to provide an insight into the relationships between forests and forestry, timber supply and the evolution of shipbuilding in the Early Modern Age. We discuss the adequacy of the approaches employed so far and propose a multi-disciplinary approach for future research, combining dendrochronology with other disciplines from the Life Sciences and the Humanities.”

Lecture Series at the Muzeum Archeologiczne w Poznaniu (Archaeological Museum in Poznan), Poznan, Poland

22 - 23 February 2013       MuzArch_Poznan.JPG

“Warwick:” Badania Archeologiczne XVII-wiecznego angielskiego galeonu na Bermudach

Dr. Katie Custer, AMARI’s executive director, and Dr. Piotr Boajokwski, director of archaeology, were invited to give a lecture at Muzeum Archeologiczne w Poznaniu. The aim of this lecture was to educate archaeologists, historians, and students from Poland about maritime archaeology and heritage preservation.

AMARI Student Paper Prize

12 Jannuary 2013

The AMARI generously awarded three Student Paper Prizes to the authors of the most outstanding conference papers based on original research related to the field of marine archaeology and maritime history of the Atlantic World. Each recipient received a cash prize to assist in travel expenses related to attending the conference at which the paper was presented. This year, the awards were given to:

  • Mr. Michael Gilbart, Texas A&M University (Paper Title: "The Warwick Plain Scale: An Early Seventeenth-Century Navigational Instrument")
  • Mr. Douglas Inglis, Texas A&M University  (Paper Title:"Warwick in the Context of 17th Century Sail")
  • Ms. Maureen Merrigan, Texas A&M University  (Paper Title: "The Weapons of Warwick")

46th Annual Conference on Historical and Underwater Archaeology; University of Leicester, United Kingdom

9 - 12 January 2013                                                                                          leicester_logo_1.jpg

Guns, Provisions, and the Governor: The Wreck of the Warwick, Bermuda 1619

This year, AMARI proudly sponsored the Warwick symposium at the SHA. This symposium was a collaboration of many scholars, professors, and students from universities and institutions in the United States and Europe. See the abstract below:

Abstract: "While headed to resupply Bermuda and Jamestown in 1619, the earl of Warwick’s race-built galleon Warwick sank during a hurricane while at anchorage in Castle Harbour Bermuda. The ship carried the new governor of Bermuda, additional settlers, their possession, tools, and provisions for England’s earliest colonies across the Atlantic. Notwithstanding the designation of the vessel as the “magazine” ship of the Virginia Company, the Warwick was not an ordinary freighter but a finely crafted vessel and a powerful armed fighting machine. Over the course of four field season, a team of archaeologists, students, and volunteers from various universities and international organizations excavated and recorded the Warwick’s hull. Already the wreck is shedding new light on 17th-century English shipbuilding techniques and Bermuda’s and America’s colonial history. This symposium offers firsts hints of what the Warwick excavation may reveal."